Catheters have a wide-held use in medical applications, although commoners relate it extensively to the maintenance of urinary drainage. A catheter can help in measuring blood pressure and even administration of blood and lymph. Suction catheter can help to avoid aspiration in lungs during tracheostomy. Interestingly, it is also used to administer oxygen and anesthetic medicines in tough-reaching areas. Let’s concentrate however on its urological dispensation. Firstly, you have to choose such a catheter that are well locked (luer lock tips are preferable) and they should be silicone braced as well to offer low drag and thereby less pain. Catheters come in three varieties; intermittent version is considered the best as there is minimal or no chance of urinary infection with this. This is inserted only for the time-purpose. It passes the bladder from urine into a collection unit. Indwelling catheters also come in use when the condition is a bit serious. It should ideally be changed after 24-48 hours or it can be infectious. Most people nowadays prefer external catheters or condom catheters owing to less pain and easy functionality. There are catheter accessories as well such as French-backed tubes for long and effective pathway, drainage bags and aperture drapes. Catheter insertion tray generally comes with the essential items. You should opt for closed system when you want to completely negate chances of infection. Catheters, as has been previously mentioned, come in use for varied functions and can be accordingly inducted into blood vessels as well. It has a serious operation in suctioning capacity and has to be handled by professionals, for a mistake can lead to sputum and blood reverting to the bronchial area. You should ideally use lubricating jelly to soften and strengthen catheter tips. The connections should be sturdy and the system should be such that there is no reversion of fluid. These catheters come with openings at opposing ends so that vacuum is not created while the fluid passes. There is also no scope for any other obstruction then. Catheters also a play a role in enteral feed, only you have to assure that the other apparatus are not IV compatible. These come with syringes and without it, depending on the nature of treatment. Of course, some patients have an inherent fear of syringes. Most catheters are disposable and they should be disposed because of hygiene issues. At least a single catheter should not be used on two patients in any case, as they involve insertion. Urinary catheter can be chosen among red rubber (natural latex) and polypropylene variations. The exterior has to be water-repellent, antimicrobial and smooth enough to not scrape the surface it touches. Among other articles for urological, you also get a catheter tray to hold it in place while it does its work. Catheters have a tendency to shift and that may be troublesome typically when they dwelling in. Catheter leg bags are also available where the catheter takes the urine from the bladder and directly transmits it to the leg bag attached to the inner thigh. These are of course soft to the skin and ensure dryness and no infection. Catheter makes sure that the groin area remains dry and healthy, for that is an extremely vulnerable area for bacterial and fungal infection. Catheters should be bought from reputed stores or portals so that the quality is guaranteed for it gets into the body. Thus, crumpling under heavy moisture or causing inner leaks can be extremely dangerous. Catheter bags ideally come with bold prints and clear graduations. They can hold a good capacity of urine and you can take the exact measurement for pathological needs. They can also be easily drained through tap closures and splash resistance. The tubing is large and facile enough to ensure that the draining act is carried nicely. In fact, if there is any problem in catheter accessories, the whole process can be jeopardized and lead to bacterial spread. It plays a tremendous part during ostomy, carrying the fluid from stoma outlet to the collecting device. Stoma output can otherwise be rather unkind to the skin and lace it with sores and rashes. Catheters are generally quite soft and flexible but you can also avail some stiff ones owing to need for sturdiness with critical patients. Those that need to be administered insulin with infusion pumps have elementary requirement of catheters. Diabetes is chronic ailment and you should have a fair stock of these catheters owing to their disposable nature. Those who are bed-ridden, suffering from heavy incontinence, handicapped or otherwise immobile also have pertinent need of catheters to make them feel easy. Incontinence is anyway quite mentally depressing and the continual soiling of clothes and bed can have a decisive impact not only on hygiene, but also on patient’s mind as well. It is your duty to consider that while according care and treatment to the patient. Ideally, the room in which catheter and other setup has been organized should be extremely clean and disinfected. Although catheters come both sterile and non-sterile, it is preferable to use sterile ones for obvious reasons. External catheters are meant only for males but women also have the stainless steel variation that goes into their vagina to collect urine. In any case, women should keep pessary handy to tackle rectocele, cystocele and vaginal wall implosion. The urinary catheter also shows its merits for those having undergone abdominal surgeries. You can also make use of penile pumps to strengthen, improve its girth and gain control over the sphincter. Catheters also come with due securing agents, adhesives and Velcro closures so the attachment doesn't shift. Indwelling catheters meanwhile come with inflated balloon at one end to control the level of infusion or extrusion. You should remember to keep catheter cap in place before it gets into action to avoid any needle stick injury or unnecessary reversion of fluid. Nowadays, catheters come with auto-locks and numerous other innovations. The fusion of vinyl and propylene anyway accords it a sleek and error-free exterior. It should not accommodate any leakage, typically when it is a closed system. Catheters mostly ensure that there sis no occlusion of the lumen. It can be used to generate due pressure on the arteries. Interestingly, they can also be used in the fitting function of artificial insemination. Thus, one cannot question its versatility and effectiveness.
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